How to learn ochem

This is post I made on Yahoo!Answers to a question about learning organic chemistry. I have answered this or similar questions many times.


Why is organic chemistry so difficult?

Q: Why is organic chemistry so difficult? I don't understand what's going on. My professor is confusing and I can't afford a tutor. Her tests are unpredictable, and she tests on random things she never went over in class or in the book. I thought I wanted to major in chemistry and become a doctor. What should I do?


How I improved my class performance in organic chemistry

As you can see from the graph, my classes have improved their scores on the ACS organic chemistry exam. How did I do it? On reflection, I think I did several things that combined to improve the scores…


Organic chemistry help?

This is my reply to the title question posted on Yahoo Answers … Read More...

What is a good book for learning organic chemistry?

This is my reply to the title question posted on Yahoo Answers … Read More...

eBook version of "A Guide to Organic Chemistry Mechanisms"

An ebook version of "The Language of Organic Chemistry" is available.


Boiling chips, sticks and stones

Someone asked why boiling stones were used for a simple distillation. This is my answer.


What topics are covered in an organic chemistry college course?

Yahoo question:

What topics are covered in an organic chemistry college course?


Flash Cards

Flash cards are such a popular device for learning organic chemistry. Why don't I like them?


Nick Kim Cartoon and Chemistry

Nick Kim Cartoon

OrgoCards: Organic Chemistry Review; by Wang, Razani, Lee, Wu, and Berkowitz

The content of the OrgoCards is in agreement with organic chemistry textbooks. Flash cards encourage connecting the start and end together without a middle. The middle is the explanation of why the reactions take place. My question is, "How will a flash card improve your organic chemistry thinking?" Read More...


Well, I knew I wouldn't be a big blogger. Let me update you on what has been happening (or not). In some ways, I too wonder, what the heck I have been doing.

I have been answering a lot of student questions on various web forums. This included my own. An additional word about this. My webforum was becoming heavily spammed and I wanted to cure that. I was looking for some phpBB hack that I could use. Long story short, my ISP was un-helpful, I changed my forum software twice and now operate with punBB. It hasn't been spammed yet and future is to install some hacks to moderate forum and block spammers.

Answering questions tells me two things. One, it tells me the kinds of questions or problems that students are having ... Read More...

How to Learn Organic Chemistry

I've put together a string of questions and answers in several email exchanges. You might want to skim over ... Read More...

Chemical Heresy

I have taken a momentary side track from editing "The Language of Organic Chemistry". I have created a presentation in which I have written out my thoughts on how atomic structure exists and reactions work. My next objective is to find an audience for it. It would be useful to have someone who is both critical and yet open-minded. I am interested in receiving criticism, especially where I may not have thought of something ... Read More...

Learning Organic Chemistry

I see a lot of people trying to find an easy way to learn organic chemistry. That is the main hurdle to learning, trying to find an easy way. If you wanted to learn to drive a car, but didn't want to actually get behind the wheel, it would be exactly the same. It isn't that learning to drive is so difficult, but if you never actually drove, you could logically complain about how difficult it was.

The analogy of learning a foreign language is also apt. The most effective methods ask that you ... Read More...


A link to my ideas on electronegativity.


How to learn organic chemistry

Ducks in Millstone River near Canal in Kingston
Why is organic chemistry hard? Your professor shows you a reaction and the product. Why not just memorize it? It is fast and easy. You know what the product is.

Does it matter if you don't know everything about the reaction? Let's say you are in a strange place and you ask for directions. The person giving them doesn't speak English very well. He knows the terms 'left' and 'right' are the directions he needs to use, but isn't sure which one is correct. Does it matter? Do you really have to know every word? I learned that while traveling to ask the person to also point in the general direction I had to travel. If you want to understand, you must know the meaning of every word. Just because you know the destination, does not mean you know how to get there. What if you don't know the exact destination?

Here is the problem. Organic Chemistry is like a language. It is easy to learn a number of phrases that one must use. Because it does not contain the complexity of other languages, students do not realize the importance of how reactions take place (the mechanisms). Furthermore, for a number of reactions, the mechanism may not be known. Therefore, the importance of having and using a mechanism is left out of many reactions.

As students progress, the number and variety of problems increase. Again, like learning a language, the phrases that were statements are now questions and mixed in tense. You need to know how words are used and varied. That is the difference between memorizing phrases and understanding the words. To understand the words is to understand the logic of the language. What is the equivalent in organic chemistry? That is how mechanisms are useful. They are the meaning for organic chemistry. They are the explanations of how and why electrons move.

How do you learn mechanisms? I found this to be easy for me. I knew I was going to be asked to solve a problem that used the mechanism that was being taught on a new problem. It was clear to me that before I could use that mechanism on a new problem that I had to be able to write it for an old problem first. Therefore, I memorized the mechanisms. I also found that as I memorized more mechanisms, they were similar to mechanisms I already knew. I started from a blank sheet of paper and wrote them out over and over until I could write them without any notes.

While I could encourage students to do as I had done, I quickly learned that my approach and abilities did not work for other students. What I learned that I needed to do was to go back to how a language is learned. You don't teach English to a child by reading the New York Times to him or her. If you did, there would be no context to the words and therefore no meaning would be acquired. In college, I learned French. In the class, they took phrases and gave us translations so we could grasp the meanings of the words. However, they also made us use the words in class. They varied the sentences so that new connections were created in our brains that allowed us to use the words in meaningful ways.

What "The Language of Organic Chemistry" does is to reproduce that process. The mechanisms are broken down into meaningful phrases. The different parts contain portions of the problems. Mechanisms are learned bit by bit. This is to teach the patterns of reactions because our brains are efficient at learning patterns. Finally, the book is laid out so you can make copies of pages because you cannot learn a reaction by writing the solution a single time. (On this last item, that was how initial versions of the book were created. However, it is difficult for me to predict whether I can or should maintain that format given the practicality of the publishing process. Furthermore, I had anticipated that an electronic version of the book would allow students to easily make copies of any page. However, if the book were released as an unprotected version, there would not be a book, but things change. Adobe has created a mechanism that allows me to retain control of the .pdf files. In that case, do we need the hard copy or does the hard copy need to be in a format that can be easily photocopied?)

Make individual chapter pdf files available for A Guide to Organic Chemistry Mechanisms

   Bridge over Millstone River in Kingston
Slowly, I am learning. I was experimenting with the Adobe Document Center yesterday. I can control the .pdf files individually. That is, I can specify who can see and print each file. That means that I can make individual chapter files available. So, anyone interested, look for the ability to access an individual chapter real soon now.

The marketing advice I found on the net suggests that I also start advertising on Google in addition to or rather than Yahoo. That, and to sign on with Lightning Sources, Inc., re-write the book in InDesign, possibly change page sizes (??), increase my organic forum contributions, I guess my work is cut out for me.

Continued changes in website

Using RapidWeaver, I have succeeded in creating a basic website. I have two linked sites, one at which has a sub-site phpBB forum dedicated to an organic chemistry forum. Read More...